The Shadowserver Foundation

Open Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP) Scanning Project

If you are looking at this page, then more than likely, you noticed a scan coming from this server across your network and/or poking at SSDP/UPnP.

The Shadowserver Foundation is currently undertaking a project to search for publicly accessible devices that have SSDP running and answering queries. The goal of this project is to identify openly accessible devices with SSDP running and report them back to the network owners for remediation.

These devices have the potential to be used in a amplification attack and if at all possible, we would like to see these services made un-available to miscreants that would misuse these resources.

Servers that are configured this way have been incorporated into our reports and are being reported on a daily basis.

Information on UDP-based amplification attacks in general can be found in US-CERT alert TA14-017A at: https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA14-017A

Methodology

We are querying all computers with routable IPv4 addresses that are not firewalled from the internet on port 1900/udp with a SEARCH request. We are capturing the response from the SSDP service and parsing the result. We intend no harm, but if we are causing problems, please contact us at gro [tod] revfooreswodahs [ta] nacbarssnd

If you would like to test your own device to see if it has SSDP (UPnP) enabled, you can do the following. In one window, start tcpdump with the command: "tcpdump -n host [IP]" and then in a second window, enter: perl -e 'print "M-SEARCH * HTTP/1.1\r\nHost:239.255.255.250:1900\r\nST:upnp:rootdevice\r\nMan:\"ssdp:discover\"\r\nMX:3\r\n\r\n"' > /dev/udp/[IP]/1900 . If your device has SSDP enabled, you should see a fair amount of traffic on the tcpdump window.

Whitelisting

To be removed from this set of scanning you will need to send an email to dnsscan [at] shadowserver [dot] org with the specific CIDR's that you would like to have removed. You will have to be the verifiable owner of these CIDR's and be able to prove that fact. Any address space that is whitelisted will be publicly available here: https://ssdpscan.shadowserver.org/exclude.html

Useful Links

Scan Status

Statistics on current run

Other Statistics

If you would like other statistics and information on historical trends, please take a look at: https://ssdpscan.shadowserver.org/stats/. Otherwise, stats from the most current scan are listed below.


All Devices with SSDP

All SSDP

(Click image to enlarge)

These are the 18 million devices with SSDP enabled

If you would like to see more regions click here

All Devices with SSDP

All SSDP

(Click image to enlarge)

These are the 18 million devices with SSDP enabled



If you would like us to not scan your network, please let us know and we will remove your networks from the scan.

Likewise, if you have anymore questions please feel free to send us an email at: gro [tod] revfooreswodahs [ta] nacbarssnd

The Shadowserver Foundation